How successful is India’s democracy
The Lok Sabha elections are going on in the country and it is said that India is the world’s largest democracy. Elections in India are treated as a celebration. India has a global reputation for democracy and our Election Commission also supports the operation of elections in many developing and under-developed countries.
India’s position in the Democracy Index
The London-based The Economist Intelligence Unit releases the Democracy Index for countries all over the world. This index of 167 countries was released for 2018 and India has been placed at 41st position. India has benefited from a foothold in comparison to last year, but despite this India has been rated as a category of flawed democratic countries. As far as scores are concerned, in the last 11 years, India has received the lowest scores in both 2017 and 2018 years. This report has praised the improvement in the situation of Asia. But, the issue of concern is that most of Asia’s countries are kept in the category of faulty democracies.
The Economist Intelligence Unit is a part of the London-based economist group, which was established in 1946. It monitors the changing times of the world and predicts the dangers of the country-specific government by predicting the world’s economic-political situation.
The main point of the report
– In the report, 167 countries of the world have been ranked on four types of parameters on the basis of governance, including full democracy, faulty democracy, hybrid governance, and authoritarian rule.
– Only 20 countries in 167 countries have been described as full democracies and this includes only 4.5 percent of the population of 167 countries.
– Most 43.2 percent of the population live in faulty democracies and under this, there are 55 countries covered.
– Under the hybrid regime, 39 countries and 53 countries under authoritarian rule have been included.
– Costa Rica of Central America is the only country that has emerged from the category of faulty democracy and has made a place in the category of complete democracy.
– Nicaragua in Central America has less confidence in democracy and has gone from faulty democracy into the category of authoritarian rule.
– In 2018 compared to 2017, where the total number of 42 countries has decreased, 48 there are also those whose total numbers have increased.
– According to the report, identity politics is a key feature of Indian politics. That is, there is a tendency to vote based on the face of any party here. This is the reason that a general candidate who does not belong to any party, has to struggle a lot to ensure his victory.
– India’s free and independent election process has also been praised in Port. This is the reason that India has got 9.17 points in the election process. On the other hand, 6.79 points have been given about the functioning of the government.
– The report also raised concerns about the collision between the Government of India and the constitutional bodies. Also, the government’s style of functioning has been questioned in terms of farmers, employment, and institutional reforms. This is the reason that India is kept in the category of countries with faulty democracies.
In the last 71 years, the country has made progress, has developed a lot. Life-level of the countrymen has been better than before. People of all religions, castes, and classes live together in the same society. India has achieved success in many areas such as agriculture, industrial development, education, medicine, and space science. In the case of the economy, we are the sixth-largest force in the world. Today we have huge reserves of foreign exchange. But it is not enough to assess the success of any democracy.
There is no doubt that the country has developed, but it will be seen as to which sections of development happen. How accurate this claim of development is on the surface of social harmony Indeed, the success of any democracy depends on the extent to which the government has eliminated poverty, illiteracy, communalism, gender discrimination, and casteism. What are the social and economic conditions of the people and what efforts have been made to reduce social and economic inequality?
India’s performance on these fronts is not very remarkable.
What is the current situation?
– According to the recent report of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), almost 36 million people of India are still deprived of health, nutrition, schooling, and sanitation. On the other hand, a section of the country is such that there is no shortage of anything.
– According to the World Inequality Report, 22 percent of India’s national income is occupied by just 1 percent of people and this inequality is increasing steadily. According to Oxfam, an international rights group, this 1 percent of India’s group has captured 73 percent of the country’s wealth.
– Gender discrimination is also emerging as a big problem. India is at 108th position in the Gender Gap Index released by the World Economic Forum and India has been ranked 127th in the gender inequality index released by the UNDP-2017.
– The freedom of the media, which is considered the fourth pillar of democracy, is also in the midst of questions. Indeed, in the World Press Freedom Index -2018 released by the non-governmental organization ‘Reporters Without Borders’ in Paris, India has dropped two places compared to earlier and it got 138th place.
– In addition to other things in these 71 years, communalism, regionalism, and fundamentalism also got encouragement. It has also increased trends of intolerance. The roots of racism are becoming increasingly deep.
Undoubtedly, such situations create obstacles in the path of democracy.
There is a lot to do
– For the success of democracy, it is necessary for the government to rise above its vested interests and try to fulfill the aspirations of the people. Despite all the development claims, poverty, starvation, unemployment, etc. are very serious problems in the country. Even after 71 years of independence, millions of people are forced to live a miserable life.
– Legislatures, executive and judiciary are part of democratic governance, but in all three, the disorder is dominated and they work under very high pressure.
– Due to the lack of public involvement, our democracy has just become an ‘electoral democracy’. The use of voting in elections is not done as an authority but as a duty.
– The basic questions about the democratic system have gone far behind and in order to develop public participation in democracy and democratic culture, the first basic problems need to be resolved so that the democratic system can be successful.
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